Natural hazards are defined as risks that arise due to natural factors without human intervention, such as (rains and torrents - landslides and landslides - rockfall and collapse - winds and hurricanes - earthquakes - volcanoes), which requires taking some necessary measures and precautions before they occur.
The necessary instructions and equipment appropriate for all-natural hazards
Natural hazards occur at different times and places according to the nature of the danger and its geographical location. The severity and impact of these risks vary according to these factors and their differences. Therefore, the necessary measures must be taken to prepare for what may result from it by following the following instructions:
- Store enough water for one person, and it is preferable to buy clean water bottles, and not open them except when needed, and pay attention to the expiration date.
- Preparing and storing a quantity of canned or dried food that does not need to be cooked in addition to an amount of powdered milk and canned juices for a sufficient period.
- Store foods that do not need refrigeration, cooking, water, or special equipment and that do not cause thirst.
- Store foods for infants and those who have a special diet.
- Keep a flashlight and a radio, as well as a portable television that operates on batteries, and do not use matches and candles after the danger has passed, until after making sure that there is no gas leakage, knowing that most landlines and mobile phones may be out of service, then the radio will be the best source of information.
- Keep a first aid kit at home and in the car, and a manual of first aid instructions provided that a family member has knowledge of the basics of first aid and artificial respiration.
- Keep a fire extinguisher in the house and the car, and it is possible to consult the nearest civil defense center to find out the correct way to use fire extinguishers.
- Keeping the most important tools for special needs such as medicines, extra glasses, eye lens solutions, hearing aid batteries, protective glasses, a breathing mask, baby supplies (food - diapers - milk bottles - pacifiers), and hygiene tools.
- Ensure that there is an amount of money for use in the event that ATMs and banks are out of service, and keep copies of identity cards, teller cards, and important documents.
- Keep the most important equipment such as the piping wrench and the English wrench (to shut off the gas and water valves), as well as a whistle and a mirror to signal the rescue teams.
- Keep winter clothes if the weather is cold, and make sure that there is a set of clothes and shoes for each person, in addition to sturdy shoes for each person.
- Training all family members on how to close all service facilities in the house (gas, electricity, or water) through the main valves.
- Educate all family members about the natural hazards that the house may be exposed to by explaining the expectations of what may happen when the danger occurs, such as: (falling heavy furniture - hanging devices that may move - picture frames - glass and breakable items placed on shelves - flammable materials - water entry home torrents).
Educating all family members about the place to go to in case of danger, and what to do when danger occurs, and knowing the safe places in each room, which are under thick and strong pieces of furniture such as the desk or table, and also under the arched entrances and next to the walls from the inside, And stay away from dangerous places such as windows, hanging objects, mirrors, heaters and unstable pieces of furniture, and it is preferable to make a sudden virtual experience for family members every period of time.